The issue of energy is at the crossroads of economic and climate stakes. The ultimate goal of the energy transition is to rethink the energy system to put it at the service of a "Low carbon economy".

The pursuit of these objectives implies a fundamental change in the usual role of energy in the economy. It is no longer a question of producing as much as energy as possible at low cost, but rather of using it to improve the efficiency of the various economic activities (agriculture, industry, transport) so as to support the needs of rapid economic growth. Today, there is talk of transforming the energy sector so that it contributes to the objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which is reflected, on the one hand, by the rise of CO2-free renewable energies and, on the other hand, by the need to control the demand for energy (energy saving).

With this in mind, IRES has started to reflect on the transformation of this economic sector, which is at the heart of the climate change issue, into a lever enabling Morocco to face environmental challenges while meeting the needs of rapid growth of the Moroccan economy.

By the end of 2019, IRES organized 8 meetings on the national energy sector (April 2009), the solar plan (November 2010), solar technologies (December 2011), smart grids (June 2012), Morocco’s energy options (September 2012) and the energy transition under different aspects (October 2015, June 2018 and February 2019). In 2009, studies carried out focused on the new energy strategy and, since 2017, on interactions between energy and climate as well as the energy transition.

2009 Energy Policy Analysis

After a presentation of the national and international energy context, the study report highlighted the issues that need to be clarified and the improvements to be made to the new energy strategy (Hypertext Link).

Interactions Between Energy and Climate

Just before the organization of COP23 in Bonn, IRES carried out in 2017 a study entitled "Energy/Climate: Two interdependent strategic issues" (Hypertext Link). This study analysed the energy situation, in connection with climate change, at the international level, in Africa and Morocco.

Energy Transition

IRES carried out two studies on the energy transition. The first one, in 2015, was entitled: "Morocco’s energy transition in the light of the global geopolitics of energy", and examined the major trends in the global energy context and the resulting impacts on Morocco’s energy options.

The second one in 2018, entitled: "The energy transition in Africa, in the light of Morocco’s new African strategy" aimed at collecting data to enrich the discussion on the opportunities offered by the energy sector with a view to strengthening ties between African countries in general and between Morocco and West African countries in particular.

This study was also an opportunity to propose avenues for reflection and to identify the conditions for the emergence of enhanced cooperation between Morocco and ECOWAS countries in the energy sector, as well as the necessary links with our country’s energy transition.