Institut Royal des Etudes Stratégiques
Social bond

Knowing as precisely as possible the state of the social bond in Morocco is a matter of strategic importance, if we take into account the tangible difficulties affecting the living together. These difficulties originate from political, economic, social and cultural changes, both at national and international levels. The great transformations in the social relations, which result from this, have contributed to a change in the forms of solidarity and ties, either between Moroccan citizens themselves, or between them and the State.

Drawing on this, IRES launched in 2009 the study program "Social bond: what roles do the state and political and social actors play?" which aimed at first stage to examine the major areas of transformation occurring on the social bond within the framework of the Moroccan society transitional processes, to establish a mapping of social spaces that have become vulnerable due to the weakening of the social bond, to grasp signs of observed slackness, and mostly to define new ways of regulation and reinforcement of living together. These programs sought, also, to understand the changing relationship between individuals, to analyze their impact on the social cohesion, and to suggest appropriate public policies.

The execution of this study program by IRES followed three phases and by end 2014, four complementary studies were completed.

The qualitative phase (2008-2010) covered a state of the research at the national level as well as the analysis of various dimensions related to, in particular, institutional and interpersonal confidence, social cohesion, cultural and identity-based tensions, religious frictions, youth, new social protest movements…
The conclusions of this first qualitative phase are reflected in the synthetic strategic, structured around three issues: change of values and recomposition of social bond, difficulties in living together and the role of the State and social actors in maintaining social bond and sociopolitical balance as well as questions related to the relations between Moroccan citizens themselves, or between them and the State.

The quantitative phase (2011-2012) covered a national survey on social bonds, based on a sample of more than 5000 interviewees. This field study, which covered all the regions of the Kingdom, was undertaken in May and June 2011. It required the mobilization of a team of 60 surveyors, most of them academic researchers, from different human and social sciences fields and it generated a large amount of important information valuable in the knowledge of the moroccan society.

First of its kind in Morocco, the national survey on the social bond led to the survey report and the atlas chart. It has provided relevant perspectives on the family, friendship, neighborhood, workplace, political and civic link, the solidarities, the collective identity and the moracanity, the living together and the citizenship as well as on social areas related to confidence/mistrust.

The strategic phase (2012) led to a synthetic strategic report, recapitulating all knowledge accumulated during the study program on social bond and suggesting public policies, possibly aiming to restore trust in the institutions, strenghten  economic, social, spatial et generational solidarity, value plural identity, while also encouraging the development of research in social sciences

Besides completing the three mentioned phases of the study program "Social bond", IRES has undertaken, between 2012 and 2015, complementary studies : "Cultural and identity aspects of regionalization project", "Trust, public policies and social demands", "Shiism phenomenon in Morocco: origin and evolution" and "Inequalities and social cohesion in Morocco: challenges and public policy orientations".

Regarding analyses of national issues, IRES finalized, in June 2014, a study entitled "The operationalization of the Constitution: impact on the gouvernance of public policies in Morocco?". This study highlighted the strategic context of the Constitution’s operationalization process, in light of democratic expectations as well as political and econonomic challenges that are coming with this structuring project.

Last update : 11-04-2017

It has focused its work in understanding how the new modes defined by the Constitution, in terms of public policies, could contribute in establishing good governance in Morocco? IRES’s study investigated, also, in three structuring legislativ projects: new constitutional prerogatives of the civil society, the official bilingualism and the reform of judiciary system

By end of 2015, 3 strategic reports and 21 thematic studies have been completed as part of the study program “Social bond”. The program has requested the mobilisation of more than thirty research associates and around sixty PhD students as well as the organization of 37 seminars, to which took part Moroccan personalities, public and private stakeholders, academic experts and representatives from the civil society.