Institut Royal des Etudes Stratégiques
Global competitiveness

Foresight studies on the global system reveal the existence of great uncertainties about the configuratoin of the post-crisis world and raise contrasting scenarios on the new geopolitical configuration in the making. Nevertheless, most envisaged scenarios are carried by two underlying trends: an unprecedented shift of economic power from West to East, presaging the emergence of new global powers and an evolution towards a globalized world with an increased influence of non- state actors.

Morocco is particularly affected by these changes, for he has made the opening of its economy a strategic choice. Since accession to the GATT in 1987, the Moroccan economy has been favoring a gradual process of economic and trade liberalization, backed up by a network of important free trade agreements and by a policy of improving sectoral components of competitiveness: infrastructure, transport, logistic...

Taking into account structural transformations in the medium and long term, IRES has realized, since 2009, the study program "Global competitiveness and positioning of Morocco in globalized system" in order to examine the state of the country's competitiveness and to determine the strenghts and weaknesses of its international positionning. The aim is also to provide strategic direction, to even allow Morocco to develop its competitive advantages on perennial bases and secure the building of its development project.

The originality of this program lies in the fact that the issue of competitiveness is addressed in a comprehensive and multidimensional manner which goes beyond financial and economic determinants. The retained approach is also structural, since it aims to understand the evolutions in the medium and long term of Morocco’s global competitiveness and is not limited to just a conjectural analyses of the country situation.

Eleven thematic reports, divided into two major components were developped by IRES.

The first component, which is related to the structural determinants of competitiveness, espacially human capital, scientific research and innovation, covered, also, the analysis of the strategic option of the green economy, the impacts of the crisis in the euro zone on Morocco and the industrialization as a transformation leverage of the Moroccan economy specialization profile.

The second component covers studies related to the reforms dynamic, namely the impact of reforms on global competitiveness, the resumption of the legal dispositif of the european union of the community benefit in the framework of the advanced status of Morocco to the European Union and the overall coherence of the free trade agreements, concluded by Morocco.

A synthetic strategic report has been finalized in late 2012, pointing out the  the quintessence of the thematic studies conclusions, completed with a prospective analysis of major trends in the national and international context in order to identify Morocco’s evolution scenarios, in terms of global competitiveness and to suggest public policies  guidances, able to build competitive capacities of the Kingdom, at internal and external level.

Last update : 11-04-2017

Among the proposed strategic guidance, include the development of a global and integrated competitiveness strategy of Morocco taking in account country’s development imperatives at the internal level as well as the requirements of its successful integration into globalization. This strategy, whose primary purpose is to create stable labor intensive employments, could be structured around two major axes :

  • Review the development model of Morocco and act on the structural determinants of competitiveness.
  • Ensure a better positioning of Morocco in globalization.

Besides the completion of the two components of the study program on global competitiveness, two complementary studies were undertaken starting 2014, entitled “How to make Morocco a regional hub in the field of scientific research and innovation” and “The energy transition of Morocco in terms of the global energy geopolitic”.

By end of 2015, the study program “Global competitiveness and Morocco’s positioning in the globalized system” has involved nearly 42 experts and research associates from complementary disciplinary backgrounds and led to the achievement of 13 thematic studies the conclusions of which were discussed in around forty seminars, that brought together senior official of national institutions, parlementary deputies, academic experts, private sector representatives and actors of civil society.